Research Project - #PRN/33 Operation Swan Lake

(2028 - 2029)


Used in design of : Psychotronic Transmitter Chamber 2
Soviet Space Stamp, issued 1971, d
epicting Mars 3 Re-entry Module.

Mars 3

Mars 3 was launched towards Mars from a Tyazheliy Sputnik (71-049C) Earth orbiting platform. A mid-course correction was made on 8 June. The descent module (71-049F) was released at 09:14 UT on 2 December 1971, 4 hours 35 minutes before reaching Mars. The descent module entered the martian atmosphere at roughly 5.7 km/s. Through aerodynamic braking, parachutes, and retro-rockets, the lander achieved a soft landing at 45 S, 158 W and began operations. However, after 20 sec the instruments stopped working for unknown reasons, perhaps as a result of the massive surface dust storms raging at the time of landing. Meanwhile, the orbiter had suffered from a partial loss of fuel and did not have enough to put itself into a planned 25 hour orbit. The engine instead performed a truncated burn to put the spacecraft into a long 12 day, 19 hour period orbit about Mars with an inclination thought to be similar to that of Mars 2 (48.9 degrees). The Mars 2 and 3 orbiters sent back a large volume of data covering the period from December 1971 to March 1972, although transmissions continued through August. It was announced that Mars 2 and 3 had completed their missions by 22 August 1972, after 362 orbits completed by Mars 2 and 20 orbits by Mars 3. The probes sent back a total of 60 pictures. The images and data revealed mountains as high as 22 km, atomic hydrogen and oxygen in the upper atmosphere, surface temperatures ranging from -110 C to +13 C, surface pressures of 5.5 to 6 mb, water vapor concentrations 5000 times less than in Earth's atmosphere, the base of the ionosphere starting at 80 to 110 km altitude, and grains from dust storms as high as 7 km in the atmosphere. The data enabled creation of surface relief maps, and gave information on the martian gravity and magnetic fields.
Sponsoring Agencies/Countries

Used in design of : Psychotronic Transmitter Chamber 3
Soviet Space Stamp, issued 1986

Used in design of International Time Travel Teleporter
Mongolian Space Stamp, issued 1967, depicting Mariner 5

Mariner 5
The Mariner 5 spacecraft was launched June 14, 1967, and flew by Venus on October 19 of that year at a distance of 4,000 kilometers (2,480 miles).
The Mariner 5 spacecraft was the fifth in a series of spacecraft used for planetary exploration in the flyby mode. Mariner 5 was a refurbished backup spacecraft for the Mariner 4 mission and was converted from a Mars mission to a Venus mission. The spacecraft was fully attitude stabilized, using the Sun and Canopus as references. A central computer and sequencer subsystem supplied timing sequences and computing services for other spacecraft subsystems. Mariner 5 was launched on June 14, 1967, and arrived in the vicinity of Venus on October 19, 1967. The spacecraft carried a complement of experiments to probe Venus's atmosphere with radio waves, scan its brightness in ultraviolet light, and sample the solar particles and magnetic field fluctuations above the planet. The closest flyby distance was 3,990 kilometers (2,480 miles) and, with more sensitive instruments than its predecessor, Mariner 5 was able to shed new light on the hot, cloud-covered planet and on conditions in interplanetary space. The spacecraft also advanced the techniques of building and operating interplanetary spacecraft, as had each Mariner before it. All operations of Mariner 5 were closed out in November 1967. (Courtesy NASA/JPL)

used in design of Swan Lake - Interplanetary Sonic Artillery Capsule
Soviet Space Stamp, issued 1982, depicting Soyuz 19

The longest serving manned spacecraft in the world, the Soyuz was originally conceived in Sergei Korolev's OKB-1 design bureau for the Soviet effort to explore the Moon at the beginning of the 1960s. However, long after the Moon race was over, the Soyuz continued ferrying Russian crews to the Salyut and Almaz orbital stations, as well as it performed several solo flights and the historic docking with the US Apollo spacecraft in 1975.

used in design of Swan Lake - Interplanetary Sonic Artillery Capsule
(Pre-independence) Dominican stamp depicting Viking Mission to Mars 1975/6

Viking Mission to Mars
NASA's Viking Mission to Mars was composed of two spacecraft, Viking 1 and Viking 2, each consisting of an orbiter and a lander. The primary mission objectives were to obtain high resolution images of the Martian surface, characterize the structure and composition of the atmosphere and surface, and search for evidence of life. Viking 1 was launched on August 20, 1975 and arrived at Mars on June 19, 1976. The first month of orbit was devoted to imaging the surface to find appropriate landing sites for the Viking Landers. On July 20, 1976 the Viking 1 Lander separated from the Orbiter and touched down at Chryse Planitia (22.48° N, 49.97° W planetographic, 1.5 km below the datum (6.1 mbar) elevation). Viking 2 was launched September 9, 1975 and entered Mars orbit on August 7,
1976. The Viking 2 Lander touched down at Utopia Planitia (47.97° N, 225.74° W, 3 km below the datum elevation) on September 3, 1976. The Orbiters imaged the entire surface of Mars at a resolution of 150 to 300 meters, and selected areas at 8 meters. The lowest periapsis altitude for both Orbiters was 300 km. The Viking 2 Orbiter was powered down on July 25, 1978 after 706 orbits, and the Viking 1 Orbiter on August 17, 1980, after over 1400 orbits.

used in design of Swan Lake - Interplanetary Sonic Artillery launcher
North Korean Space stamp, issued 1964, depicting Elektron A

Class: Earth. Type: Magnetosphere. Nation: USSR. Agency: NII-88. Manufacturer: Korolev.
The Elektron mission was one of the earliest Soviet satellites to be authorized following the initial Sputnik series. The two spacecraft were designed to be deployed in a single launch of a Vostok booster. The spacecraft had the specific task of mapping the Van Alen radiation belts at higher inclinations than that achieved by US satellites of the time (60 degrees vs 30 degrees latitude). Decrees authorizing design and building of the Elektrons were issued on 9 May 1960 and 13 May 1961. Design work began in July 1960. Elektron A, with a design mass of 350 kg, was 325 mm in diameter and was designed to be placed in a 425 km x 6,000 km orbit and map the inner Van Allen belt, simultaneous with Elektron B's study of the outer radiation belt. The spacecraft also measured cosmic rays and the upper atmosphere.

Used in design of : Psychotronic Transmitter Chamber 4
Soviet Space Stamp, issued 1982
Venera 14 - Soviet Venu Program

Venera 14
Launch site: Tyuratam
Launch date: 4 November 1981
Landing date: 5 March 1982
Period 361 days
The Venera descent module landed at 13 degrees 15 minutes south latitude/310 degrees 9 minutes longitude. The probe transmitted data via its fly-by bus for 57 minutes.

Used in design of : Psychotronic Transmitter Chamber 4
Soviet Space Stamp, issued 1974

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